Ohrid Framework Agreement

The Ohrid Agreement created a framework for Northern Macedonia as a civil state. [2] It has established fundamental state principles such as the cessation of hostilities, the voluntary disarmament of Albanian armed ethnic groups, the decentralization of government and the reform of the political and cultural rights of minorities. [3] It ended the armed conflict between the National Liberation Army and the security forces of northern Macedonia. The framework agreement of Ohrid (Macedonian: Ohridski ramkoven dogovor) was the peace agreement signed on 13 August 2001 by the government of the Republic of Macedonia (now Northern Macedonia) and Albanian representatives. The agreement was signed by the country`s four political parties after international mediators called for their commitment to ratify and implement it within four years. [1] The Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA) was signed on 13 August 2001. The signing of this agreement was a response to the armed conflict in Macedonia between the Macedonian army and the police and the National Paramilitary National Liberation Army (NLA). With the ATO, some of the demands of ethnic Albanians in Macedonia have been accepted. Although the agreement was officially signed in Skopje, it was called the Ohrid Framework Agreement, the signing having been preceded by a series of negotiations that took place mainly in Ohrid. The signatories of the ATO were the leaders of the four main political parties in Macedonia (the two main Macedonian ethnic parties and the two main ethnic Albanian parties), the President and a Special Representative of the United States and the European Union (EU) 1.

Therefore, the agreement is guaranteed by the international community. However, there has been no formal UN resolution, for example for the Kosovo conflict.2 The aim of this chapter is to analyse and comment on the ten points of the agreement, which served as the basis for a new system of power-sharing and internal restructuring of Macedonia, including constitutional amendments and the adoption of new old and revised laws. Despite the fact that the ATO may seem controversial, it was a response to the circumstances in which it was signed, armed conflict and strong international pressure. Debates on the decisions of the agreement, its importance and its role continue today. Please note that it may take several weeks for the corrections to filter out the various RePEc services. If you know the missing items that are using them, you can help us create those links by adding the corresponding references in the same way as above for each reference item. If you are a registered author of this article, you can also check the “Quotes” tab in your RePEc Author service profile, as some quotes may wait for confirmation. For any technical questions regarding this article or the correction of its authors, titles, summaries, bibliographies or download information, please contact: (Peter Golla). General supplier contact information: www.sciendo.com/services/journals . Bourgeois and anti-bourgeois values in Macedonia p. 134-154 The agreement also contained provisions to change the country`s official languages, with each language spoken by more than 20% of the population being co-official at the local level with the Macedonian language. [3] Only the Albanian language, in which about 25% of the population is lo in language, is currently considered to have a say in this criterion.

[4] The agreement is an example of acceptance of the declared conso. [5] We have no references for this article.

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